TABLE OF CONTENTS

  1. Letter from President Chair

 

  1. Introduction of the Committee

 

  1. AGENDE ITEM:Animal rights

 

  1. THE FIVE FREEDOMS

  2. ANIMAL TESTING

  3. ANIMAL LAWS

  4. QUESTIONS TO PONDER

 

  1. BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. Letter from the President Chair

 

Greetings distinguished delegates,

It is my utmost pleasure to welcome you all to the SOCHUM in FBLMUN19.

You will try to solve the problems that  animals face in their lives.I hope this study guide will be efficient for you to understand the topic and to find logical and convenient solutions upon the matter. I hope that all of you will take part in the debate. I trust you all and I am sure that you are going to prepare a perfect resolution paper.

As a conclusion, in any case of misunderstanding upon the study guide, a

little bit help or any kind of question, you can contact me via cerengkce123@gmail.com

Sincerely

 

Ceren Gökçe

President Chair of SOCHUM

 

 

  1. Introduction of the Committee

 

     The Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, or the Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM), focuses on issues dealing with fundamental human rights in the international community.

 

     SOCHUM was founded in 1945 in reaction to the establishment of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. The Third Committee promotes and enforces basic freedoms and ideals meant to be enjoyed by the entire international community such as the right to life, the expression of cultures, the freedom of political participation, the protection of children’s rights, and the promotion of social development, among many others.

     SOCHUM derives its legitimacy from the original United Nations Charter and operates with the goal of designing peaceful settlements for issues within the large spectrum of social, humanitarian, and cultural complications in the international community. This body does so by initiating studies that encourage the proposal of recommendations for the promotion of international cooperation and fundamental freedoms for all.

 

  1. AGENDA ITEM: Animal rights

 

 

Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own existence and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.]That is, animals have the right to be treated as the individuals they are, with their own desires and needs, rather than as unfeeling property.

 

 

  1. THE FIVE FREEDOMS

 

 

     Animal rights, moral or legal entitlements attributed to nonhuman animals, usually because of the complexity of their cognitive, emotional, and social lives or their capacity to experience physical or emotional pain or pleasure. Historically, different views of the scope of animal rights have reflected philosophical and legal developments, scientific conceptions of animal and human nature, and religious and ethical conceptions of the proper relationship between animals and human beings.

The five freedoms as currently expressed are:

  1. Freedom from hunger or thirst by ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigour

 

  1. Freedom from discomfort by providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area

 

 

  1. Freedom from pain, injury or disease by prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment

 

  1. Freedom to express (most) normal behaviour by providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal's own kind

 

  1. Freedom from fear and distress by ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering

 

 

  1. ANIMAL TESTING

 

     Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study. This approach can be contrasted with field studies in which animals are observed in their natural environments or habitats.

Most animals are euthanized after being used in an experiment. Supporters of the use of animals in experiments, such as the British Royal Society, argue that virtually every medical achievement in the 20th century relied on the use of animals in some way. The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the United States National Academy of Sciences has argued that animal research cannot be replaced by even sophisticated computer models, which are unable to deal with the extremely complex structure

Animal rights organizations—such as PETA and BUAV—question the need for and legitimacy of animal testing, arguing that it is cruel and poorly regulated, that medical progress is actually held back by misleading animal models that cannot reliably predict effects in humans, that some of the tests are outdated, that the costs outweigh the benefits, or that animals have the intrinsic right not to be used or harmed in experimentation.

 

 

 

  • Replace the use of animals with alternative techniques, or avoid the use of animals altogether.

 

  • Reduce the number of animals used to a minimum, to obtain information from fewer animals or more information from the same number of animals.

 

  • Refine the way experiments are carried out, to make sure animals suffer as little as possible. This includes better housing and improvements to procedures which minimise pain and suffering and/or improve animal welfare.

 

 

 

  1. ANIMAL LAWS

Animal law is a combination of statutory and case law in which the nature – legal, social or biological of nonhuman animals is an important factor. Animal law encompasses companion animalswildlife, animals used in entertainment and animals raised for food and research.

 

Animal laws issues encompass a broad spectrum of approaches from philosophical explorations of the rights of animals to pragmatic discussions about the rights of those who use animals, who has standing to sue when an animal is harmed in a way that violates the law, and what constitutes legal cruelty.

 

 

 

  • International Law: Wildlife poaching and trafficking

 

  • Entertainment Law: Captive wild animals (in zoos, aquariums, and movies)

 

  • Landlord & Tenant Law: Housing disputes involving “no pets” policies and discrimination laws

 

  • Consumer Protection Law: Food safety; labeling; puppy “lemon laws;” false advertising

 

 

 

 

 

  1. QUESTIONS TO PONDER :

 

  1. Which NGOs can be envolved in order to solve these problems?

 

  1. Which UN bodies can be envolved in order to solve these problems?

 

  1. What can the member states do to solve these matters?

 

  1. Should animals have their own laws?

 

  1. Should animals be used in entertainment,labourities and etc.?

 

  1. What can the UN do?

 

 

 

 

                   Bibliography

*https://www.britannica.com/topic/animal-rights

**https://aldf.org/article/laws-that-protect-animals/

***https://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/animal-testing-101/